Frostbite is a common infection occurs during winters
You might already be familiar with the term ‘frostbite’ if you are living in a country where winter is regarded as an eternal season. The winter season is often referred as a romantic time in the fiction story; it’s the time which makes every moment of the day erotic for two lovers. The reality is often different from the fiction. The fact is when the temperature falls below 0 degree centigrade and everything is frozen outside, all activities of life stop silently. People take rescue in their homes and prefer spending most of their time in their cozy rooms by watching television or taking coffee.
Implausible to avoid FrostBite Infection
Living a healthy life is a dream of everyone but whenever the weather goes harsh on you, it makes you so sad inside. The same thing is true when you work in office or home during coldest days of the winter. Among many infections that a winter season leads to your life, the common infection is called frostbite. It’s a skin condition which occurs when skin or body tissues are exposed to harsh, freezing temperatures. The most common areas where you are generally affected by frostbite are chin, nose, ears, toes, cheeks, and fingers. If you are a house wife, you might be too much into cooking the food and washing the dishes, if so, you are the one who will easily become a victim of this skin infection. Because you keep your hands in touch with water on regular basis and this may become one of the reasons that cause frostbite. No matter how much careful you are and how hard you try to avoid the infection, your skin will be infection if you expose it to the temperature and when you live in an area where temperature goes below zero during coldest days, you can’t simply protect yourself from the infection, it’s that simple.
How Frostbite Occurs and what are the symptoms
What do you feel when you feel extreme cold? Your hands and feet get numb, your skin turns red and you experience an extreme headache. Sometimes the conditions even get worse. Constant numbing of the skin can damage the skin, results in an amputation. It restricts the blood circulation in the body areas, causing a condition of hypoterhmia. The extreme cold can do even worse things than just numbing your body- if not treated on time, the condition becomes more severe. Here are few symptoms of frostbite that you may experience after amputation:
- Redness on the affected area
- Swelling and extreme pain
- Itching and a feeling of pins/needles, which is often followed by numbness
- Change of skin color, it may turn pale, white, red, pink, blue and dark purple
- The skin becomes too hard to feel. If you touch it with your nails you won’t feel pain. You won’t even sense the touch.
- Upon touching the affected area you’ll feel that it’s colder than rest of your body. Though you can’t feel the cold in the area, it’s just because it’s totally numb for the time being.
In worst cases of frostbite, the affected skin starts oozing some blood drops little by it, as the result of which the skin tissues begin to wear and tear and turn black in the color after few days. If you experience such severe frostbite affect on any part of the body, you should seek medical assistance immediately or else the infection may spread to more body parts.
Treatments for Frostbite
There are so many good treatments for frostbite. As the infection generally occurs during winter, you can take precautionary steps to keep your body warm and cozy by paying more attention to your attire and the way you dress up yourself for the day long. Here are possible, effective treatments for frostbite
- Keep yourself in a warm place, ideally in a place where heater is available, to keep your body warm.
- If you have severe frostbite on toes or feet, you should refrain from skating and skiing for some days until infection is fully healed. You also need to keep yourself from walking and wandering around for few days.
- Remove wet clothing or constricting jewelry or metal that can react with the infection and make it worse than before.
- Let me tell you that water acts as a main culprit in making the infection severe from moderate, so stop exposing the affected area to the water over and over again and if you do, make sure to dry it with towels.
- Apply a good moisturizer on the area to keep it hydrated. The skin becomes dry and dull during infection, so to stop it from spreading; you need to keep it fully moist with something such as Nivea lotion or Vaseline.
- If you cannot seek medical attention during severe frostbite infection, you can treat it at home yourself by immersing the affected area in hot water for 15 minutes or more. Water temperature must not be more than 104 degrees or in other words it should be comfortable to the touch.
- Keep the affected area covered with sterile dressing to separate it from other fingers and toes.
- If affected body area is chin, nose or cheeks that you cannot immerse into water, then you can use warm cloths to cover the skin.
- During the warming process, your skin may start to change its color from pale to pink or purple, which means your warming has been completed. Skin change colors because blood starts to travel in the skin tissue due to hot temperature.
- No matter how much numb you feel and how much cold your affected area is, you should not try to get heat from stove, heater or any other heat source as it can damage your skin by burning the tissues.
- If you are suffering from blisters along with frostbite, you need to cover these bumps with the dressing all the time.
- Avoid drinking alcohol meanwhile as this could also interfere with blood circulation.
- The frostbitten skin should not be thawed out because the damage could be two times severe if the tissues re-freeze once again.
Preventions and Precautions for Frostbite
It is said that precaution is better than cure. You won’t have to restrict yourself in one place if frostbite doesn’t happen in the first place so here are few precautionary measures that you should seek to avoid the infection:
Keep your body fully covered with warm clothes when you go out for skating or hanging out.
If you feel like freezing outside, find a good shelter to maintain your body temperature and to revive the warmth in it.
Aside from wearing jackets, you need to wear gloves which are wind and waterproof; moreover, cover your head with a hat and neck with a scarf.
If you are caught in a storm, you must find a place to hide yourself. Take rescue under the roof of a restaurant, hotel, or eatery when you are not in your city.
Don’t drink cold drinks when you are outside of your home, instead take coffee, tea or anything that’s hot.